American Journal of Pediatrics

Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023

  • Efficacy of Specially Formulated Combination Three Probiotic Strains with Vitamin D3 and Zn in Children with Atopic Dermatitis

    Ivana Filipovic, Olivera Ostojic, Vesna Vekovic, Sladjana Mihajlovic, Marco Caminati, Zorica Zivkovic

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023
    Pages: 186-192
    Received: Sep. 05, 2023
    Accepted: Sep. 25, 2023
    Published: Oct. 08, 2023
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    Abstract: Introduction: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory, pruritic and relapsing skin disease, frequently originated in infants and young children. The objective of our study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and quality of life in children with AD who were treated with mixture of 3 x 109 CFU of 3 probiotic strains Lactobacillus Casei BL ... Show More
  • The Beneficial Role of Probiotics in the Maintenance of Immunologic Equilibrium for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in Infancy

    Manirul Haque Tarafder, Mofizul Islam, Mst Tanjila Momotaj, Fatema Farzana, Prahlad Kumar Shil, Manjira Rahman Dita, Abu Saleh Mohammad Selim

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023
    Pages: 193-203
    Received: Sep. 09, 2023
    Accepted: Sep. 27, 2023
    Published: Oct. 14, 2023
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    Abstract: In the human colon commensal bacteria and immune cells interact regularly in a stable environment to keep the immune system functioning normally. The balance between immunological tolerance and immunogenicity is maintained by a complex network of pathways that are dependent on immune system-microbiota cross-talk. To modify certain immune activities... Show More
  • Human Milk Oligosaccharides and Development of Gut Microbiota with Immune System in Newborn Infants

    Sanat Kumar Barua, Jagadish Chandra Das, Mohammad Maruf-UL-Quader, Zabeen Chowdhury, Salina Haque, Muhammad Jabed Bin Amin Chowdhury, Aparup Kanti Das, Dhiman Chowdhury

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023
    Pages: 204-209
    Received: Sep. 11, 2023
    Accepted: Sep. 28, 2023
    Published: Oct. 14, 2023
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    Abstract: Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) constitute a significant and intriguing component of human milk, ranking as the third most abundant solid constituent following lactose and lipids. Meanwhile, gut microbiota encompasses an array of microorganisms, spanning bacteria, archaea, fungi, and viruses, residing within the digestive tract. The intricate in... Show More
  • Research Article

    Bowel Perforation in Preterm: Predictive Power of Bell Classification and Clinical Features

    Melanie Kapapa*, Janina Hahne, Alexandre Serra

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023
    Pages: 210-216
    Received: Oct. 02, 2023
    Accepted: Oct. 17, 2023
    Published: Nov. 11, 2023
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    Abstract: Objective: To evaluate outcome and survival rate we focused on the severity of necrotizing enterocolitis without (NEC) or with perforation (NECp) and spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) and their influence on clinical deterioration and surgical complications. Methods: Aim was to compare the clinical features, radiographic findings and outcome ... Show More
  • Research Article

    Adolescent Health Voyage in Nigeria: Surviving the Storm Through a Primary Health Care Network with Family Physicians in the Lead

    Akeem Opeyemi Akinbode*, Sunday Bassey Udoh, Patricia Eseigbe, Ndifreke Ubokutom Udom

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023
    Pages: 217-225
    Received: Oct. 16, 2023
    Accepted: Oct. 31, 2023
    Published: Nov. 11, 2023
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    Abstract: The adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood. Globally, adolescent population is increasing due to successes in child survival strategies especially in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) including Nigeria. In Nigeria, adolescents constitute about 22% of the total population and it is projected to reach 28% in 2040. D... Show More
  • Research Article

    Comorbidities of Autism, Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital Based Study

    Razia Sultana, Khaleda Akter, Samsun Nahar, Saidul Haque, Insanul Alam, Suma Ikram

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023
    Pages: 226-230
    Received: Nov. 02, 2023
    Accepted: Nov. 22, 2023
    Published: Dec. 18, 2023
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajp.20230904.16
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    Abstract: Introduction: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder which is marked by a persistent deficit in social interaction and social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviors/ fixated interests or activities. Individuals with ASD vary in language ability, ranging from absent speech to fluent language, and in cognitive development, ra... Show More
  • Case Report

    A Case of Severe Necrotizing Enterocolitis with High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation-Assisted Breathing Anesthesia Experience Sharing

    Lin Song, Xuejie Li*

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023
    Pages: 231-234
    Received: Nov. 24, 2023
    Accepted: Dec. 08, 2023
    Published: Dec. 18, 2023
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    Abstract: We report a case of a 27-week premature infant with necrotizing enterocolitis 28 days postpartum who underwent high-frequency oscillation-assisted ventilation anesthesia during surgery. Children born after the whole body's skin is blue, spontaneous breathing is weak, with a sigh breath, limb soft, oxygen desaturation under endotracheal intubation-a... Show More
  • Case Report

    Neurorehabilitation of a Pediatric Patient with Viral Encephalitis Caused by COVID-19: A Case Report

    Ke-yi Chen, Zhuo-ming Chen*, Li-min Zhong, Yi-qi Cao, Gang Wang

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023
    Pages: 235-240
    Received: Nov. 29, 2023
    Accepted: Dec. 13, 2023
    Published: Dec. 26, 2023
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    Abstract: Viral encephalitis affects brain function and can lead to various symptoms, including headaches, fever, behavioral changes, and seizures. It may even result in long-term neurological damage or other severe consequences. During the COVID-19 pandemic, it has been confirmed that SARS-CoV-2 can infect the brain and cause neurological damage, although t... Show More