Intestinal Parasites in Dogs and Humans, Environmental Egg Contamination and Risk of Human Infection with Zoonotic Helminth Parasites from Dog in Hosanna Town
International Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
Volume 7, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 24-36
Received: Feb. 12, 2019; Accepted: Mar. 14, 2019; Published: Apr. 13, 2019
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Authors
Yimer Mulugeta, Directorate of Bacterial, Parasitic & Zoonotic Diseases Research, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Moti Yohannes, College of Agriculture & School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Deneke Wolde, College of Medicine & Health Science, Wachemo University, Hosanna, Ethiopia
Mesfin Aklilu, Directorate of Bacterial, Parasitic & Zoonotic Diseases Research, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Baye Ashenefe, Directorate of Bacterial, Parasitic & Zoonotic Diseases Research, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Daselgn Gebree, Directorate of Bacterial, Parasitic & Zoonotic Diseases Research, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Fantu Lombamo, Department of Public Health, St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Gutu Kitila, Directorate of Bacterial, Parasitic & Zoonotic Diseases Research, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Garoma Getahun, Directorate of Bacterial, Parasitic & Zoonotic Diseases Research, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Asefa Deressa, Directorate of Bacterial, Parasitic & Zoonotic Diseases Research, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Hail Degefu, College of Agriculture & School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Pets especially dogs are the most common and first domesticated companion animals throughout the world including Ethiopia. In developing countries the health status of the pets are neglected. However, potential hazards are associated with pet ownership; thus, the objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence of important zoonotic gastrointestinal helminthes infection in dogs and their owners as well as risk of environmental egg contamination and major associated factors in Hosanna, Ethiopia. Cross sectional study designs were employed (feces & stool sample from dogs and dog owners, soil samples and questionnaires data were collected) & statistical analysis were done using SPSS version 16 software. Based on coproscopy examination results; the overall prevalence of helminth infection in dogs were 71.6% (n=187/261). Species of parasites identified were: Ancylostoma caninum (49%) followed by Toxocara canis (34%), Toxocara leonine (7.2%), Taenia species (4.2%), Strongyloides stercoralis (2.6%) and Trichuris vulpis (1.9%). Prevalence of intestinal helminth among human were found 17.62% (95% CI: 13.20-22.79). Hookworm species (6.5%) followed by Ascaris (4.6%), H. nana (2.7%), S. stercoralis (1.5%), Taenia species (1.5%) and H. diminatus (0.8%) were identified in humans. The environmental egg contamination status were observed in five sites with helminthes egg. Trichuris, T. canis, Ancylostoma, A. lumbricoides, S. stercoralis and Taenia species eggs were the identified ones. The major risk factors for the spread and zoonotic transmissions of parasites were lack of treatment for dog (prevalence: 81.2%, P value: 0.000 and OR (95%CI), 6 (7.1-35)) and poor awareness on transmissible helminth intestinal parasites of dog (prevalence: 76.5% P value: 0.002 and OR (95%CI):2.5 (1.36-4.4)). In conclusion, this study revealed that the overall prevalence of intestinal helminthes were abundant among dogs, humans and soil sample. Therefore, de-worming of dog, community awareness creation, one-health approached surveillance strategies and further researches should be conducted.
Keywords
Dogs, Helminth, Hosanna, Human, Prevalence, Zoonoses
To cite this article
Yimer Mulugeta, Moti Yohannes, Deneke Wolde, Mesfin Aklilu, Baye Ashenefe, Daselgn Gebree, Fantu Lombamo, Gutu Kitila, Garoma Getahun, Asefa Deressa, Hail Degefu, Intestinal Parasites in Dogs and Humans, Environmental Egg Contamination and Risk of Human Infection with Zoonotic Helminth Parasites from Dog in Hosanna Town, International Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 24-36. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbmr.20190701.14
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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