Effects of Weather and Climatic Elements on the Incidence of Pneumonia in Kaduna South Local Government Area, North Western Nigeria
Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2019, Pages: 126-131
Received: Mar. 17, 2019;
Accepted: Apr. 23, 2019;
Published: May 29, 2019
Views 293 Downloads 65
Felix Ike, Department of Geography and Planning, Faculty of Environmental Science, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria
Chioma Mbonu, Department of Geography and Planning, Faculty of Environmental Science, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria
This study assessed the relationship between weather and climatic elements on the incidence of pneumonia in Kaduna South Local Government Area, North Western Nigeria. The main objective of the study was to determine the incidences of pneumonia and assess its relationship with weather elements. This paper also reported on the seasonality of Weather parameters and how they can affect pneumonia occurrence in the study area. The data used were meteorological (Rainfall, Humidity and Temperature) and pneumonia records collected from Nigerian Meteorological Agency and Government General Hospital, Kakuri respectively. Multiple regression model and seasonality metrices were employed in the analysis of the data to determine the strength of relationship between the weather parameters and the frequency of pneumonia outbreak. The model run indicated that the combined effect of temperature, rainfall and humidity significantly accounts for variations in Pneumonia occurrence at different level of probability. However the weather elements could only explain 16% of the variations in the incidence of Pneumonia in the study area for the period between 2008 and 2015. The examination of the seasonal occurrence revealed that pneumonia occurred mostly in the cold & wet season and the cold & dry seasons. The study concluded that weather elements play a role in the incidence of pneumonia in the study area and should be considered along with other factors in mitigating its occurrence.
Effects of Weather and Climatic Elements on the Incidence of Pneumonia in Kaduna South Local Government Area, North Western Nigeria, Earth Sciences.
Vol. 8, No. 3,
2019, pp. 126-131.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
IPCC, 2014: climate change 2014: synthesis report. Contribution of Working Groups IIPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 2014.
Marcus B. (2012). The influence of weather element on the occurrence of common diseases in Kafanchan Kaduna State. Department of Geography. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
WHO (2003), Climate change and Human Health. Risk and Response, France.
Mgwede C. W., and Msiska O., 2018, Determination of seasonal occurrence of Camallanus sp. and Ligula intestinalis on fresh Usipa, Engraulicypris sardella from selected Mzuzu markets, Malawi, International Journal of Aquaculture, 8 (5): 29-37 (doi: 10.5376/ija.2018.08.0005).
Wardlaw, T. M. J., Emily white; Hodge, Mathew 2006. Pneumonia: The forgotten killer of children. Available: http://www.who.int/material.child.adolescent/documents/928064.0489/en/.
Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria – Partnership For Advocacy in Child and Family Health (2016) extracted online from https://www.vanguardngr.com/2016/04/20-kaduna-children-die-5th-birthday-psn-pacfah-survey/Adebayo, A. A. (2000). Temperature variability and outbreak of measles and meningitis in Yola, Nigeria. Global Journal of Applied Sciences. 7 (1), pp 133-135.
Justin K. Davis, Geoffrey P. Vincent, Michael B. Hildreth, Lon Kightlinger, Christopher Carlson, Michael C. Wimberly, (2018). Improving the prediction of arbovirus outbreaks: A comparison of climate-driven models for West Nile virus in an endemic region of the United States, Acta Tropica, Volume 185, 2018, Pages 242-250, ISSN 0001-706X, https: //doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2018.04.028.
Ojo, O, (2003). The climate of West Africa. Heinman, London, pp 63-69.
Tania A. Thimraj, Leema George, Syed Asrafuzzaman, Swapna Upadhyay, Koustav Ganguly, (2018).
Chapter 7 - Oxidative Signaling in Chronic Obstructive Airway Diseases, Editor (s): Shampa Chatterjee, Wolfgang Jungraithmayr, Debasis Bagchi, Immunity and Inflammation in Health and Disease, Academic Press, 2018, Pages 79-98, ISBN 9780128054178, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-805417-8.00007-X.
Ali, I. A (2004). Effects of Industrial Waste Pollution of River Kaduna on Economic Lives of the People in the Southern Part of Kaduna Metropolis. (Unpublished master’s thesis) Geography Department A. B. U Zaria, Nigeria.
Cole, T. J. (2000), Sympercents: symmetric percentage differences on the 100 loge scale simplify the presentation of log transformed data. Statist. Med., 19: 3109-3125. doi: 10.1002/1097-0258 (20001130) 19:22 < 3109: AID-SIM558 > 3.0. CO; 2-F.