Identifying Determinants of Vaccination Status of Under Five Children in South Omo Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia
American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics
Volume 7, Issue 6, November 2018, Pages: 229-234
Received: Aug. 25, 2018;
Accepted: Oct. 12, 2018;
Published: Nov. 6, 2018
Views 392 Downloads 75
Belayneh Debasu Kelkay, Department of Statistics, College of Natural Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Kassaye Wudu Seid, Department of Statistics, College of Natural Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
Follow on us
Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen. The aim of this study was to analyze the determinant factor of vaccination status of under five children in South Omo zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia using binary logistic regression model. Thus from 174 children under investigation 47(27%) of children are not fully vaccinated and 127(73%) are fully vaccinated. Woreda, household sex, religion, mother education level, child sex and child order are the most factors that affect the vaccination status of children. Full vaccination status of children is more likely for children from educated mothers as compared to those from illiterate mothers. The odd of female children to be full vaccinated was increased by 51%. First (OR: 0.401, 95% CI: 0.091, 1.763) and third order (OR: 0.219, 95% CI: 0.051, 0.931) children are associated with full vaccination status of children negatively. Second (OR: 1.128, 95% CI: 0.281, 4.526) and fourth birth order (OR: 1.034, 95% CI: 0.233, 4.58) children are more likely to be vaccinated than first and third order children. Children from female household are highly related to be fully vaccinated than children from male household. Children from orthodox (OR: 1.88, 95% CI: 1.177, 3.002) family are more vaccinated than the Muslim, catholic and Protestant.
Vaccination Status, Under-Five, Children, Determinants
To cite this article
Belayneh Debasu Kelkay,
Kassaye Wudu Seid,
Identifying Determinants of Vaccination Status of Under Five Children in South Omo Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia, American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics.
Vol. 7, No. 6,
2018, pp. 229-234.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011). "A CDC framework for preventing infectious diseases".
World health organization, 2018. “Immunization coverage”.
EDHS, 2011. “Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey Report”.
EDHS, 2016. “Key Indicators Report”.
Folake O. (2016). Africa’s vaccination Test.
Bless, C. and Higson-Simith, C. (2006). Fundamentals of Social Research Methods(4th edition). An African perspective, Cape Town.
Leedy, P. and Ormord, J. (2001). Practical Research Planning and Design (7thedition). New work, Pretice-Hall.
Hosmer, D. and Lemeshow, S. (1989). The Importance Assessing the fit of Logistic Regression Models: A case study. Am. J. Public Health, 81: 1630-1635.
Burnham, K. P. and Anderson, D. R. (2002). Model Selection and Multi-model inference. Springer, New York.
Polit, D. (1996). Data Analysis and Statistics for Nursing Research. Appleton & Lange, Stamford, Connecticut.
Agresti, A. (1996). An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis. John Wiley and Sons, In New York.
Bhola, N., Singh, J., Shally, A., Vidya, B., Vishwajeet, K., Singh, S. K. (2007). Determinants of Immunization Coverage among 12-23 Months old Children in Urban slums of Lucknowdistric. India.61 (11):598-606.
Lucius, D. (2013). An Examination of Mothers’ Socio-Demographic Factors Associated with Incomplete Vaccination Status among Under-five Populations in Malawi. Institute of Public Health, 285.
Biswas, S., Abu, D. and Fasiul, A. (2001). Factors Affecting Childhood Immunization. The Pakistan Development Review.40 (1): 57–70.
Gedif Mulat (2014). Factors Affecting Immunization Status of Children Aged From 0-59 Months in Ethiopia
Ministry of Health, 2011, “Health Sector Development Program IV. Annual performance report. Addis Ababa, Government of Ethiopia”.